Aztec mythology and religion

Menu Aztec Religion The Aztec religion is composed of an incredibly complicated, yet interesting, set of beliefs. Filled with stories of human sacrifices and demanding Aztec gods and goddessesthe Aztecs have left behind a legacy that will be studied and marveled for years to come. The Hierarchy of Aztec Gods A part of the religious Aztec legends is the belief in a hierarchy of gods.

Aztec mythology and religion

Ancient Aztec Religion Ancient Aztec religion hymn: Huitzilopochtli is first in rank, no one, no one is like unto him: Brinton Ancient Aztec religion was a complex interaction of gods, dates, directions and colours.

It seems that most of the preoccupation in the religion had to do with fear of the nature, and a fear of the end of the world. The actions of the ruling classes and common people can be best understood if we look way back to the Mexica understanding of the creation, or rather creations, of the world.

Because the religion was a mixture from various peoples, there are variations. In the Beginnings Quetzalcoatl, the plumed serpent According to ancient Aztec religion, it took the gods 5 tries to create the world.

These attempts were foiled because of infighting among the gods themselves. After he was knocked from his exalted position by rivals, the first creator, Tezcatlipoca, turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world.

Under similar circumstances, the world was created and then destroyed with wind, and then two floods. Each time a creator-god would take a turn being the sun. The gods realized that they all must sacrifice themselves so that humans could live.

The god Ehecatl sacrificed the others, and a mighty wind arose to move the sun at last. This was no free sacrifice, however. Not only would the people have to help this weak sun to keep moving, they would also be responsible to repay the sacrifice.

The world remained in a precarious position!

The Hierarchy of Aztec Gods

Once the sun was dealt with, the world had to be recreated. Quetzalcoatl meaning feathered serpent was the one who would create humans. Of course, people had been created several times before, so Quetzalcoatl descended into the underworld to retrieve their bones.

He tripped as he fled, and the bones shattered into different sized pieces, which is why people are all different sizes. By adding his own blood to the mix, people came to life. For another variation and more detail, see the Aztec creation story here.

The calendar and the sun The ancient Aztec religion was highly focused on keeping nature in balance.

Aztec mythology - Wikipedia

One false step could lead to natural disaster. The weak sun could stop moving.

Aztec mythology and religion

In the sky was a constant battle between light and darkness, a battle that would someday be lost. Huitzilopochtli Hummingbird of the South was the warrior sun either the sun god or the one who fights for the sun god, Tonatiuh the name given to Nanauatl.

Huitzilopochtli or Tonatiuh needed blood sacrifice in order to win the battle against darkness. Either there would be ritual blood-letting, or actual people would be sacrificed.

Those sacrificed would rise to fight with him. And so human sacrifices became more and more common in Mexico.

Aztec Sacrifices

Often battles would be fought just to capture prisoners to sacrifice - the Aztec flower war or Aztec flowery war. Every 52 years, the people were terrified that the world would end.In order for teachers to present the mythology of the Aztecs to students, they need an understanding of the basics of the Aztec religion.

The religion of the Aztecs is polytheistic. Some of the religion’s gods had been known in Mexico for many years; others were adopted from the religions of . The Aztec civilization recognized a polytheistic mythology, which contained the many deities Lords or Gods (over one hundred) and supernatural creatures from their religious beliefs.

Aztec culture is generally grouped with the cultural complex known as the Nahuatl because of the common language. The Aztec religion is the Mesoamerican religion of the Aztecs. Like other Mesoamerican religions, it had elements of human sacrifice in connection with a large number of religious festivals which were held according to patterns of the Aztec calendar.

Aztec religion - Wikipedia

Part I—The Aztec Religion In order for teachers to present the mythology of the Aztecs to students, they need an understanding of the basics of the Aztec religion.

The religion of the Aztecs is polytheistic. According to Aztec mythology, the top three gods were Huitzilopochtili (or “hummingbird wizard), Tezcatlipoca (“smoking mirror”) and Quetzalcoatl (“sovereign plumed serpent”).

Below these three gods, those who practiced the Aztec religion believed there were four sub-gods and an infinite number of gods were below these four. History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids The Aztecs worshiped many gods. When they took over a new tribe or culture they often adopted the new tribe's gods into the Aztec .

Ancient Aztec Religion