Director Independence Our Corporate Governance Guidelines include categorical standards adopted by the board to determine director independence that meet the listing standards set forth by the NYSE. Pursuant to the Corporate Governance Guidelines, the board undertook its annual review of director independence in January As part of this review, the Board considered whether there were any transactions or relationships between each director or any member of his or her immediate family and UPS. The board also examined whether there were any transactions or relationships between an organization of which a director is a partner, shareholder or officer and UPS.
Usually refers to the physical and chemical components of an organism's environment. Abrasion Physical wearing and grinding of a surface through friction and impact by material carried in air, water, or ice.
Absolute Humidity Measurement of atmospheric humidity. Absolute humidity is the mass of water vapor in a given volume of air this measurement is not influenced by the mass of the air. Normally expressed in grams of water vapor per cubic meter of atmosphere at a specific temperature.
At this temperature atomic motion stops. Absorption Atmospheric Atmospheric absorption is defined as a process in which solar radiation is retained by a substance and converted into heat energy.
The creation of heat energy also causes the substance to emit its own radiation. According to Wien's Lawbodies with temperatures at this level or lower would emit their radiation in the longwave band.
Abstract Space Geographic model or representation of the real world. For example, maps and globes are abstractions of the real world or concrete space. Abyssal Fan Fan shaped accumulation of sediment from rivers that is deposited at the base of a submarine canyon within a ocean basin.
Another name for ocean floor. Slow adjustment of an organism to new conditions in its environment. Accretion The growth of the continental masses over geologic time via the addition of marine sediments. These sediments are added on to the edges of the continents through tectonic collision with other oceanic or continental plates.
Surface addition of snow to a glacier or snowfield. Accumulation Zone 1 Region in a glacier where there is a surface net addition of snow. Acid Deposition Atmospheric deposition of acids in solid or liquid form on the Earth's surface.
Also see acid precipitation Any substance with a pH below 7. Also see basic solution and neutral solution. Atmospheric precipitation with a pH less than 5. Normal pH of precipitation is 5. Rain with a pH less than 5. Acid Shock A sudden acidification of runoff waters from the spring melting of accumulated snow in the middle latitudes because of the winter deposition of acidic precipitation.
Group of filamentous microorganisms that are intermediate between bacteria and fungi. Upper zone of soil in higher latitude locations that experiences daily and seasonal freeze-thaw cycles. Active Remote Sensing Form of remote sensing where the sensor provides its own source of electromagnetic radiation to illuminate the object understudy.
Radar is an example of an active remote sensing device. Actual Evapotranspiration Is the amount of water that is actually removed from a surface due to the processes of evaporation and transpiration. Another term used to describe mixing ratio. Adaptation 1 Evolutionary adaptation - a genetically based characteristic expressed by a living organism.
Particular adaptations found in populations become frequent and dominant if they enhance an individual's ability to survive in the environment. Adaptive Radiation The evolution of a number of new species from one or a few ancestor species over many thousands or millions of years.
Normally occurs after a mass extinction creates a number of vacant ecological niches or when a radical change in the environment produces new ecological niches.
Adiabatic A process in which heat does not enter or leave a system. In the atmospheric sciences, adiabatic processes are often used to model internal energy changes in rising and descending parcels of air in the atmosphere.
When a parcel of air rises it expands because of a reduction in pressure. If no other non-adiabatic processes occur like condensation, evaporation and radiationexpansion causes the parcel of air to cool at a set rate of 0. The opposite occurs when a parcel of air descends in the atmosphere.
The air in a descending parcel becomes compressed. Compression causes the temperature within the parcel to increase at a rate of 0. The cooling of a rising parcel of air due to adiabatic processes.Market Structure: UPS trades in the national and global logistics market which itself is a Oligopoly market type In an oligopoly companies are locked within a competitive market Some focus on price, whilst others focus on flexibility of parcel size and speed.
Time For An Open, Life Cycle-Driven Model. Wouldn’t it be better to turn things around and put the life cycle of a value proposition, whether a product or a service, . Conclusion United Parcel Service (UPS) is taking almost perfect products and services and continuing to create perfection.
Through a product life cycle, UPS will also continue to thrive. Through a product life cycle, UPS will also continue to thrive.
In economics, an input–output model is a quantitative economic technique that represents the interdependencies between different branches of a national economy or different regional economies. Wassily Leontief (–) is credited with developing this type of analysis and earned the Nobel Prize in Economics for his development of this model.
Life Cycle Assessment model, the model than estimates the GHG emissions Green Design Institute, Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment 3 United Parcel Service. Category Accounting methods Activity data Emission factor Category 3: Fuel and energy related activities not included in Scope 1 or 2.
A process in which heat does not enter or leave a system. In the atmospheric sciences, adiabatic processes are often used to model internal energy changes in rising and descending parcels of air in the kaja-net.com a parcel of air rises it expands because of a reduction in pressure.