After a few truly good years during — when there was low inflation, almost full employment and a favorable balance of trade, President Lyndon B.
Visit Website William Calley Army commanders had advised the soldiers of Charlie Company that all who were found in the Son My area could be considered VC or active VC sympathizers, and ordered them to destroy the village.
When they arrived shortly after dawn, the soldiers—led by Lieutenant William Calley—found no Viet Cong. Instead, they came across a quiet village of primarily women, children and older men preparing their breakfast rice.
The villagers were rounded up into groups as the soldiers inspected their huts. Despite finding only a few weapons, Calley ordered his men to begin shooting the villagers. Mothers who were shielding their children were shot, and when their children tried to run away, they too were slaughtered.
Huts were set on fire, and anyone inside who tried to escape was gunned down. But it was mostly done with a machine gun.
Michael Bernhardt, a soldier at the scene, later told a reporter. We had no casualties. It was just like any other Vietnamese village—old papa-sans [men], women and kids.
In addition to killing unarmed men, women and children, the soldiers slaughtered countless livestock, raped an unknown number of women, and burned the village to the ground.
Calley was reported to have dragged dozens of people, including young children, into a ditch before executing them with a machine gun. Not a single shot was fired against the men of Charlie Company at My Lai.
Hugh Thompson The My Lai massacre reportedly ended only after Warrant Officer Hugh Thompson, an Army helicopter pilot on a reconnaissance mission, landed his aircraft between the soldiers and the retreating villagers and threatened to open fire if they continued their attacks.
Thompson and his crew flew dozens of survivors to receive medical care. Among the victims were women—17 of them pregnant—and children, including 56 infants. Knowing news of the massacre would cause a scandal, officers higher up in command of Charlie Company and the 11th Brigade immediately made efforts to downplay the bloodshed.
The coverup continued until Ron Ridenhour, a soldier in the 11th Brigade who had heard reports of the massacre but had not participated, began a campaign to bring the events to light. After writing letters to President Richard M. Nixonthe PentagonState Department, Joint Chiefs of Staff and several congressmen—with no response—Ridenhour finally gave an interview to the investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, who broke the story in November Army ordered a special investigation into the My Lai massacre and subsequent efforts to cover it up.
The inquiry, headed by Lieutenant General William Peers, released its report in March and recommended that no fewer than 28 officers be charged for their involvement in covering up the massacre.
Hugh Thompson, the helicopter pilot who stopped the My Lai massacre, later told the news program "60 Minutes" that he was ostracized and received death threats upon his return from Vietnam. But inThompson attended a memorial service at My Lai on the 30th anniversary of the massacre.In the U.S.
and the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed as part of a larger counterculture, the largest such anti-war movement up to that point in history. The Vietnam War was the longest, most expensive war in American history. More than 58, Americans died and more than , were wounded.
The United States entered the war incrementally between and , when President Lyndon Johnson began bombing North Vietnam and sent U.S.
Marines to defend South Vietnam. Essay: The Watergate Scandal. The New York Times formed work that was published about the history of the Vietnam War, these were known as the Pentagon Papers.
McGovern had made his political reputation as a critic of the war, and the announcement took the wind out of his sails. Nixon scored an enormous victory. He received over How the Vietnam War Effected the American People and the American Presidency Words | 10 Pages.
Global Reputation of American People Essay More about Prohibition and the American People Essay. Are Americans Wasteful People? Words | .
Watch video · The My Lai massacre was one of the most horrific incidents of violence committed against unarmed civilians during the Vietnam War.
A company of American soldiers brutally killed most of the people. Throughout America’s history, few things have left the nation in such controversial turmoil as the Vietnam War.
With an American death toll of almost 60, troops, the Vietnam War has gone down in infamy as one of the most tremendous struggles Americans have faced both overseas and on the home front.