British, Britannic Orientation Identification. The name of the country and the term "English" derive from the Old English word for one of the three Germanic peoples that invaded the British Isles in the fifth century C. Englishness is highly regionalized. The most important regional divide is between the south and the north.
Vincent established the practice in the Royal Navy of raising and lowering the colors--the ensign and jack--at a formal ceremony with the band and guard of the day paraded. The practice was taken up by the U.
Navy from an early date and first codified in the Rules and Regulations for the Government of the Navy.
At first, the time of morning colors was based on the time of sunset; if the sun set before 6: This conformed to the contemporary British practice. The modern practice of making morning colors at 8: The current regulatory provisions on morning and evening colors are in Article of Navy Regulations.
They provide for the observance of the ceremony on all ships that are not under way and at all shore stations of the Navy and Marine Corps. Although few ships or shore stations have bands or buglers nowadays, the ceremonies are still conducted with as much formality as local resources will permit.
At a minimum, the word is passed over the ship's loudspeaker system, the "1MC. If a bugler is available, he sounds "First Call" instead. The guard of the day and the band, if available, form near the point of hoist of the ensign.
All persons in uniform within sight or hearing face the ensign and, if not in formation, render the hand salute. Boats in the vicinity lie to, or proceed at the slowest possible speed, and the boat officer or coxswain stands and salutes.
If music is available, the band or recording plays the National Anthem, or the bugler sounds "To the Colors," with the ensign starting up the staff on the first note of the music.
In the case of a ship, the union jack is hoisted simultaneously to the top of the jack staff at the bow. At the end of the music or if there is no music, once the ensign reaches the truck of the flagstaffthe bugle call "Carry On" is sounded, or three blasts are given on the police whistle, or the word is passed, "Carry on," at which time salutes are terminated and the ceremony is over.
Approximately five minutes before sunset as calculated by the quartermaster of the watch, the word is passed, "First call, first call to colors. Immediately before sunset, "Attention" is sounded on the bugle or one blast is blown on a police whistle.
The order "Execute" is then given and the ensign is lowered slowly. If music is available, the band or recording plays the National Anthem, or the bugler sounds "Retreat," with the ensign starting down the staff on the first note of the music and timed to reach the bottom at the last note of the music.
In the case of a ship, the union jack is lowered simultaneously with the ensign. When the ensign is completely lowered, the bugle call "Carry On" is sounded, or three blasts are given on the police whistle, or the word is passed, "Carry on," at which time salutes are terminated and the ceremony is over.
At ceremonial observances of evening colors ashore, when a band is present, "Retreat" may be sounded before the lowering of the flag, with the flag then lowered to the playing of the National Anthem. In this case, the salute is rendered only during the playing of the anthem and lowering of the ensign, not during the playing of "Retreat.
When it is under way, the ensign is flown at the gaff the diagonal spar projecting aft from the mast and the jack is not flown at all.
The process of changing from one display to the other is known as shifting colors. As the ship prepares to get under way, sailors are positioned at the bow, fantail, and bottom of the halyards running to the gaff and the signal yards.
The "steaming" ensign is attached--or "bent on"--to its halyard in preparation for hoisting. The ship's call sign and any other prescribed signal flags are run up, packed to be "broken" at the right moment. At the instant that the last mooring line leaves the pier or buoy, or the moment that the anchor is aweigh, the boatswain's mate of the watch blows a long blast on his whistle and passes the word, "Underway--shift colors.
A ship mooring or coming to anchor goes through the same process in reverse, with the boatswain's mate giving the word "Moored--shift colors" when the first mooring line is made fast or the anchor is let go.
In either case, the desired effect is one set of flags vanishing and another flashing out at precisely the same time. Ships take pride in achieving this effect, while, as the Bluejacket's Manual puts it, "A ship that does not shift colors smartly will soon have a reputation she does not want.The Prophet Jeremiah condemned as Pagan the ancient Middle Eastern practice of cutting down trees, bringing them into the home and decorating them.
Family Traditions essay As a rule, family traditions are important in the life of each family and each family member. The maintenance of family traditions and conveying family history from one member to another is exactly what makes the family the solid unit, whose members feel close relations and unity.
North American Indian Life: Customs and Traditions of 23 Tribes (Native American) [Elsie Clews Parsons] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. 27 fictionalized essays by noted anthropologists provide entertaining and insightful reading about religion.
Essay about Birth Customs and Traditions - Birth Customs and Traditions What are the variations in the birth process throughout the world.
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Traditions originating in Celtic times: The origin of Halloween lies in the traditions of the Celtic people. Baisakhi. Baisakhi Festival falls on April 14th and marks the beginning of the solar year. People of North India, particularly Punjab thank God for good harvest.